Links are found in nearly all web pages. Links allow users to click their way from page to page.
HTML Links - Hyperlinks
HTML links are hyperlinks.
You can click on a link and jump to another document.
When you move the mouse over a link, the mouse arrow will turn into a little hand.
Note: A link does not have to be text. It can be an image or any other HTML element.
HTML Links - Syntax
Hyperlinks are defined with the HTML
<a href="https://www.learncomputer.in">Visit our HTML tutorial</a>
href attribute specifies the destination address (
https://www.learncomputer.in/) of the link.
The link text is the visible part (Visit our HTML tutorial).
Clicking on the link text will send you to the specified address.
Note: Without a forward slash at the end of subfolder addresses, you might generate two requests to the server. Many servers will automatically add a forward slash to the end of the address, and then create a new request.
The example above used an absolute URL (a full web address).
A local link (link to the same web site) is specified with a relative URL (without https://www....).
<a href="images.html">HTML Images</a>
HTML Link Colors
By default, a link will appear like this (in all browsers):
- An unvisited link is underlined and blue
- A visited link is underlined and purple
- An active link is underlined and red
HTML Links - The target Attribute
target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.
target attribute can have one of the following values:
_blank- Opens the linked document in a new window or tab
_self- Opens the linked document in the same window/tab as it was clicked (this is default)
_parent- Opens the linked document in the parent frame
_top- Opens the linked document in the full body of the window
- framename - Opens the linked document in a named frame
This example will open the linked document in a new browser window/tab:
<a href="https://www.learncomputer.in/" target="_blank">Visit Learn Computer Academy!</a>
Tip: If your webpage is locked in a frame, you can use target="_top" to break out of the frame:
<a href="https://www.learncomputer.in/" target="_top">HTML5 tutorial!</a>
HTML Links - Image as Link
It is common to use images as links:
<a href="default.asp"> <img src="smiley.gif" alt="HTML tutorial" style="width:42px;height:42px;"> </a>
title attribute specifies extra information about an element. The information is most often shown as a tooltip text when the mouse moves over the element.
<a href="https://www.learncomputer.in/" title="Go to Learn Computer HTML section">Visit our HTML Tutorial</a>